American Heart Association released the 2010 Guidelines this winter.
The key change is that the CPR process should start with Compressions rather than Airway, so it becomes C-A-B instead of A-B-C.
See the 2011 Red Cross First Aid/CPR/AED participants manual.
Latest CPR changes are:
|Rescue Breaths||Normal breath for 1 second until chest rises||Deep breath for 2 seconds|
|Chest Compression to Ventilation Ratio||Adult, Child, Infant - 30:2||Adult - 15:2|
Child - 5:1
Infant - 5:1
|Chest Compression Ratio||Adult, Child, Infant - At least 100/minute||Adult or Child - About 100/minute|
Infant - About 120/minute
|Chest Landmarking||Adult or Child - Center of Chest|
Infant - Just below nipple line at center of chest
|Adult or Child - Trace up the ribs|
Infant - One finger width below nipple line at center of chest
then 5 cycles of CPR (about 2 minutes)
|Up to 3 shocks,|
then 1 minute of CPR
For updates to First Aid Guidelines, visit First Aid Dude.