CPR Instructions to perform CPR on Children
Child CPR Steps
Notice that these child CPR steps for victims 1 to 12 years old are nearly identical to adult CPR steps with the following key differences:
- Perform 5 cycles of CPR (about 2 minutes) before calling 9-1-1 if you are alone.
Check the Scene - make sure it is safe for you to help.
Don't become another victim.
Check the Victim - tap and shout to get response.
Call for Help - If no response, tell someone to call 9-1-1.
If you are alone, perform 5 cycles of CPR First, then call 9-1-1.
Even if the child is breathing, call 9-1-1 for any unconscious victim.
Circulation - pump the chest 30 times.
Place the heel of one hand in the center of the chest and your other hand on top of it. Press chest down about 2 inches at a rate of 100 per minute (16 in 10 seconds).
Airway - tilt head back, lift chin up to open airway.
Breathing - Pinch nose closed, take a normal breath, cover victim's mouth with yours and blow out your breath until you see the chest rise. Give a second breath. Take about 1 second per breath. If chest doesn't rise, open airway again.
Repeat C - A - B until help arrives or the victim begins breathing.
If there are two rescuers, one does the breathing and one does the compressions - CPR steps and ratios remain the same.
Remember to save a child's life!
Becoming familiar with these child CPR instructions will help you in performing CPR correctly. This quick review of skills should not be used as training, but can be a useful refresher.
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