CPR Facts and Statistics
- Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) kills over 900 adults each day in the USA. That is about 335,000 of the 550,000 annual deaths from coronary heart disease.
- The American Heart Association states that 95% of SCA victims die before reaching a hospital.
- Ventricular Fibrillation (VF) is the most common cause of SCA. VF is a disruption in the normal electrical rhythm of the heart and can often be corrected quickly with a defibrillator.
- An Automated External Defibrillator (AED) resets the heart's normal electrical impulses in a VF victim by delivering an electric shock.
- Brain death from lack of oxygen usually begins in 4 minutes and is usually complete in less than 10 minutes.
- CardioPulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) supplies a limited amount of oxygen to the brain, delaying the death of cells.
- Immediately providing CPR can double a person's chance of survival, and the sooner CPR is started, the greater the chance of survival.
- Around 75% of cardiac arrests happen in people's homes so you will probably perform CPR on a family member or friend.
- A typical SCA victim is a man 60-65 years old or a woman 65-70 years old, but it can happen to people of any age.
- SCA occurs twice as often in men as in women.
- There is yet to be a documented case of HIV being transmitted due to performing CPR.
- The first out-of-hospital defibrillation device weighed over 100 pounds. AEDs now weigh less than 5 pounds.
- CPR saves lives and as more people become trained and AEDs become more common, more lives can be saved.